Every summer vacation, the reporter learned from 120 Beijing Emergency Center that the center will receive a lot of call information for first aid because of various accidental injuries. So, how to keep children away from accidental injuries? How to treat and deal with the accident in time? An expert from Beijing First Aid Center will send you a "safety first aid".
Burned children are hungry, they may cook secretly, and even an ordinary cup of hot water may become the culprit of harm. It is best to install a smoke alarm at home. Parents and children are advised to play a fire escape exercise and learn self-help skills, which may save lives at critical times. In the event of a burn, immediately rinse with cold water until the pain and burning sensation disappears. For the trunk or other parts, cold compresses can be used to reduce pain and prevent the injury from worsening.
The clothing worn during burns (scalds) should be removed after rinsing in cold water, or carefully removed with scissors. After rinsing with water, apply scalding medicine to the area of first-degree burns. Do not believe in applying prescriptions such as toothpaste and soy sauce. When second-degree burns have blisters, do not squeeze the blisters. When the blister is too large, a needle (75% alcohol disinfection) can be used to pierce the base of the blister and slowly release the blister fluid, but the skin must not be cut off. Seek medical treatment as soon as possible.
Smaller children who fall are likely to fall from the table, bed, or even fall from height; while older children, the danger of falls mainly comes from sports. Children should be accompanied by their parents when carrying out related sports; the floor at home should be kept dry and tidy to avoid slipping or tripping; choose the type of game suitable for the age, height and weight of the child; check the game equipment when playing outdoors Whether it is firm and pay attention to whether the ground of the venue is flat.
If a fall occurs, you can use their response and "body language" to determine whether there is a possibility of a fracture. For example: after crying, you can't stop crying. You can't stop crying quickly after soothing as usual; local skin Swelling, pain at the touch; Injured limb has a movement disorder, which can usually be done easily; Now the injured limb is relatively asymmetric with the contralateral limb; Protective posture, such as if the clavicle is fractured, will be involuntary Head tilted and shrugged movements to protect the damaged collarbone ... Parents should send the child to the hospital as soon as possible if a fracture is suspected.
In addition, pay special attention to the fractures in the epiphysis (cartilage tissue), where the pain caused by the fracture is often not so strong and easy to be ignored. If the injury is severe, the alignment is not good, and the fracture does not heal, it will easily cause limb developmental disorders and Fracture healing deformity affects the appearance of the limbs.
When road traffic injuries take children to travel by car, prepare children in their cars with safety seats suitable for their age, even for short journeys; lock child locks to prevent accidental operation to open the doors; children are prohibited Keep your head, hands, and body out of the window; do not let your child walk alone on the road. Strengthen education and tell him the importance of strictly observing traffic rules, especially the telephone numbers of traffic accident alarms.
In public places, minors have poor self-protection consciousness and are in a fun and fun period. As parents and teachers, they should give their children more care and care, especially in stations, shopping malls, playgrounds, etc. In public places, we must be more vigilant and don't let children leave their sight. At the same time, remind motor vehicle drivers again that they must circle for a week before starting the car, and check whether there are children hiding in the "dead corner of sight".
In addition to the pesticides, rodents, and pesticides commonly known in poisoning life, cosmetics, household cleaners, and anti-disease drugs are also hidden toxic substances. All of these are out of the sight of children, put out of their reach, and do not use food and beverage bottles to contain toxic substances to avoid accidental eating. In case of poisoning, seek medical attention in a timely manner.
Text / Reporter Li Jie
Source: Beijing Youth Daily